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The Formula One Car Engine – Part 2

In Part 1, we discussed the various components of the Formula One Car Engine engine as well as the four-stroke mechanism in which the engine operates. The type of the engine and turbocharging aspect will be discussed in this part.

The Formula One Car Engine
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#1. Type of Formula One Car Engine:

There are different types of engines such as the Radial Engine, W-Type Engine, V-Type engine. Depending on the space available and requirements, different types of engines are used. F1 cars use the V-type engine. In this type, the cylinders of the engine are arranged to form a V-shape.

Also, the engine does not take up a lot of space because of its shape. The engine used is typically a V6 engine. The number 6 ahead of V indicates that the engine has 6 cylinders. There are also timer belts attached.

#2. Turbo-charging:

Engines used by F1 cars use a concept called as turbocharging. Before we understand what a turbocharger is, understanding how an engine maximizes its power is important. The fuel in an engine requires air for combustion. Higher the amount of air, the better and more efficient the combustion is. The more efficient the combustion, the greater is the engine power in a lower amount of fuel.

One of the solutions to increasing the amount of air in the engine is pumping compressed air into the engine during suction stroke. This process is called as super-charging. In order to compress the air, a compressor is required, which is called a super-charger.

Getting the power required by the compressor through the car batteries is not feasible. It is necessary to make an alternative arrangement for power. This need is fulfilled by the exhaust gases of the engine. A turbine is attached to the exhaust of the engine.

The exhaust gases turn the blades of this turbine. This turbine is called the turbo-charger and the process is called turbo-charging. The supercharger is mounted on the same shaft and in this way, it runs. The shaft of the supercharger runs through the V of the engine thus reducing the amount of tubing required to various cylinders.

It is thus evident how a combination of the V-Type engine and Turbocharger makes the F1 car engines fuel efficient and still fulfilling the power requirements.

The F1 car engines have gone a lot of changes though through the years. In order to maintain the fairness of the process, the engines have been standardized across manufacturers. The 1.6 Litre V6 engine has been in effect since 2014.

In 2006, V8 engines were used which were bulkier. Those were 2400 cc engines. Earlier, V10 engines were also used. Thus, we can see a trend that engines have become lighter over the years. These engines are also subject to endurance tests under harsh conditions in order to ensure that they are able to run for longer times. This is in place to ensure the safety of drivers as well. Overheating of engines can lead to fires or other accidents. The V6 engine rightly is called the Heart of The F1 Car.

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